White Papers


Utilities

White paper provides information on: Applications of distribution generation by use of natural-gas-fueled engine-generators Features and benefits Market viability

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GENERATOR SOUND LEVELS

Noise levels of can be an influential factor in purchasing a generator set. The manufacturer records sound pressure levels at fixed distances around the generator set and averages them to calculate the levels. It is critical to calculate the logarithmic mean of the measurements, not the arithmetical mean, to avoid having the generator set appear quieter on paper than in practice.

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GENERATOR SOUND LEVELS

Cooling Considerations for Enclosed Generator Sets

Placing a generator set in an enclosure has a direct impact on the generator set's ambient capabilities.  It is important to recognize the effect of the enclosure and understand the actual ambient capability of the enclosed generator set.

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THE CRITICAL NATURE OF STATIONARY BATTERY MAINTENANCE

Batteries can fail or underperform for many reasons. With proper maintenance and testing, many of these failure modes can be reduced or eliminated, enabling customers to have total confidence in the ability of batteries to support critical equipment when needed. By performing these tests on a regularly scheduled basis, unplanned failures can be eliminated and the life cycle of the battery can be extended to its fullest potential, maximizing the performance of the entire battery system and keeping costs down.

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Hybrid Microgrids: The time is now.

Microgrid that combine renewable energy with diesel or gas generator sets and energy storage capabilities can deliver clean, cost-effective electricity to remote locations with limited or no access to reliable utility power.

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CAT® ENERGY STORAGE: ZINC-AIR TECHNOLOGY

A detailed look at the inner workings of metal-air technology.

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CAT® ENERGY STORAGE: SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The world’s leading energy storage solutions for telecom, peak shaving, load shifting and microgrids.

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Putting Together a High-Efficiency, Reliable and Bankable Biogas-to-Power Plant

Heat recovery from gas-fueled engine-generators can help make distributed resources more cost-effective and sustainable.

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THE IMPACT OF GENERATOR SET UNDERLOADING

While power systems vary in operation, application and load profile depending on the purpose and complexity, all power systems are designed with common goals: providing reliable power and maximizing system efficiency. To achieve these design goals, it is important to understand system operation, load profile and schemes, and required maintenance. This paper will focus on the operation of generator sets in low-load scenarios and what can result if they are used outside of these parameters.

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Natural Gas Engine Service

White paper provides information on: Monitoring trends for balanced maintenance schedules, resulting in more engine uptime Oil selection and engine oil analyses to determine oil change frequency Trending to determining spark plugs, valves, and cooling system maintenance and replacement schedules Engine overhaul types and benefits

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A NEW ERA FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

The evolution of longer-life nuclear power plants has a significant impact on the design of emergency diesel generator (EDG) used for station blackout (SBO) support. Existing plants could be looking for 70 to 90 years of life from their power supply. For an EDG/SBO to operate for 70 to 90 years and still remain reliable, many variables must be considered. Read how Caterpillar plans to meet the challenge.

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SEISMIC QUALIFICATION FOR EMERGENCY POWER

Emergency equipment installed in a nuclear facility must be operational during and after a seismic event. This paper covers the qualification process including representative static structural analysis, shake table testing, and the investigation of structural data taken from mobile applications using the Cat® C175-20 engine.

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Demystifying Generator Set Ratings

This paper will clarify some of this confusion surrounding ratings, share standard classifications and discuss important considerations to help you make educated decisions when designing and specifying equipment.

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Do DC Generators Offer Fuel Economy Advantage Over AC Generators

The purpose of this paper is to explain perceived differences in fuel consumption between AC and DC generator sets used in telecommunication (telecom) applications. A review of the overall energy conversion process, from energy in the fuel to electricity consumed by the load, is presented to account for losses in both AC and DC generator systems, and to explain potential differences in fuel economy between the two systems.

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Holistic View on Generator Set Ratings

Many generator set manufacturers mirror their equipment power rating classifications (standby, prime, and continuous) after the ISO 8528-1 standard. The ratings are defined in terms of maximum power available, load factors, hours of usage per year, peak demand, and typical applications. These broad definitions are intended to cover a wide range of industrial and commercial uses. Because of this variability, some manufacturers, e.g. Caterpillar, have chosen to adopt the standard definitions in their most conservative form to minimize the risk of equipment misapplication.

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Operation of Flywheel UPS

Trade show format white paper on: the operation of flywheel-based UPS systems as well as a battery-free line of UPS systems.

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CHP: Finance Global

White paper provides information on: Cogeneration project considerations including fuel supply, technology, operations, permitting, construction and credit Heat recovery and byproduct applications Input costs and revenue of combined heat and power and combined cooling heat and power projects.

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Engine Technology

White paper provides information on: Using control technologies for improved engine reliability, fuel efficiency, emissions performance, and owning and operating costs Advancements in electronic control and ignition systems Service trending using wear, oil and filter analysis, and diagnostic tools

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CHP

White paper provides information on: Applications of cogeneration by use of natural-gas-fueled engine-generators Features and benefits Project economics

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Reciprocating Engines vs. Turbines

White paper provides information on: Choosing the best power solution for CHP projects Comparison of efficiency, reliability, emissions performance and operating costs of gas reciprocating engines and gas turbines Assessing the economics of primary power sources for distributed energy projects

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Understanding Generator Set Ratings

Smart rating choices combined with the latest in onsite power generation systems can help match equipment to a specific application for optimal long-term performance and reliability

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Generator Set Start Module

A reliable standby power system is dependent on the ability of the generator set to quickly start in the instance of a sustained power outage. As almost all generator sets depend on batteries for cranking and control power, battery health is the one of the most vital areas of concern for ensuring a generator set will start when called upon. Batteries fail for many reasons, including defects, environmental issues, and lack of maintenance. Unfortunately, the time you discover a dead starting battery is when you need it the most. The Generator Set Start Module is capable of eliminating the effect of this potential failure and thereby increases the reliability of a standby power system.

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Multifaceted view of DG system

The aim of this paper is to raise awareness on the diversity of issues associated with DG applications. To that end, several DG installations are reviewed here within.

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Utilities

Utilities

You supply power to meet everyday needs, whether it’s lights in a school, appliances in a home or keeping an office building in business. It’s why you need a source that promises to run non-stop — since life does too.

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Electric Power White Papers

Electric Power White Papers

Caterpillar is pleased to provide information on new technologies as well as innovative solutions to power your business.

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Industries & Applications

Industries & Applications

You have to push every day. To meet your deadline – on time and on budget. We are dedicated to developing a power systems solution that meets your needs, regardless of the application.

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Electric Power products

Electric Power products

Any size or shape. In any regulatory environment. When you need power, Caterpillar is equal to the challenge. Our generators are used in a variety of applications.

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One Giant Step for Caterpillar: 1969 Moon Landing

As billions tuned in to watch the historic event of the 1969 moon landing unfold over the eight-day mission, Caterpillar was more than just another viewer. Communications between the Apollo crew and all NASA tracking stations around the world was provided by an 18-foot tracking antenna in North Carolina powered by ten Cat diesel gen sets.

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Power Systems Training

Your Cat® dealer is the best resource to help you meet your energy needs in terms of products, service, and skills acquisition. Work with your local Cat dealer to get the best training and support for the life of your products.

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Precision Sizing at Your Fingertips.

Caterpillar Electric Power is excited to introduce you to our latest generator set sizing software, Cat® Electric Power SpecSizer.

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Electric Power Social Media

Check out the Cat® Electric Power social media page for the latest news, preventive maintenance tips, and product and show announcements.

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Cat® Dealers Make the Difference

Your Cat dealer is committed to maximizing your success, helping you get the most out of your operations with site-level solutions, service and support.

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Project Financing

No project is the same - from the application to the power need. That’s why we offer a range of project financing options.

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Electric Power News

Read the latest electric power news and articles relating to Cat electric power products by people in the know, on topics that matter to your business.

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