< Back

Financing & Insurance
See our Current Offers
View Product Downloads
Please answer to continue. Select an option to continue. Enter a valid email address.
Yes, I would like to receive future marketing communications (such as email) from Caterpillar Inc., its affiliates and subsidiaries worldwide and the Caterpillar dealer network. Regardless of whether you decide to receive these marketing communications, Caterpillar will continue to send service/transactional messages, including those that have to do with any accounts that you may have with us.

Overview

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton. Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for the last 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series’ legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.

Engine

Units:
Net Power 1739.0 hp 1297.0 kW Less
Engine Model Cat® 3516E Cat® 3516E Less
Bore 6.7 in 170.0 mm Less
Stroke 8.5 in 215.0 mm Less
Displacement 4766.0 in3 78.1 L Less
Torque Rise 39.0 % 39.0 % Less
Rated Speed 1,600 rpm 1,600 rpm Less
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent Less
Net Power – SAE J1349 (Standard Ambient) 1739.0 hp 1297.0 kW Less
Net Power – SAE J1349 (High Ambient) 1696.0 hp 1265.0 kW Less
Peak Torque @ 1,200 rpm – SAE J1995 8549.0 lbf-ft 11591.0 N·m Less
Gross Power – ISO 14396 1847.0 hp 1377.0 kW Less
Gross Power – SAE J1995 1870.0 hp 1394.0 kW Less

Operating Specifications

Operating Weight 529149.0 lb 240018.0 kg Less
Bucket Capacity Range 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less
Rated Payload – Standard 45.0 tons 40.8 tonnes Less
Rated Payload – High Lift 42.0 tons 38.1 tonnes Less
Bucket Capacity Range – Iron Ore 22.3 yd3 17.2 m3 Less
Bucket Capacity Range – Rock 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less
Bucket Capacity Range – Coal 32.1-39.7 m3 (42-52 yd3) 32.1-39.7 m3 (42-52 yd3) Less

Transmission

Transmission Type Cat Planetary Power Shift Cat Planetary Power Shift Less
Forward 1 4.6 mph 7.4 km/h Less
Forward 2 8.0 mph 12.9 km/h Less
Forward 3 13.6 mph 21.9 km/h Less
Reverse 1 5.0 mph 8.1 km/h Less
Reverse 2 8.8 mph 14.1 km/h Less
Reverse 3 14.9 mph 24.0 km/h Less
Direct Drive – Forward 1 Lock-up disables Lock-up disables Less
Direct Drive – Forward 2 8.7 mph 14.0 km/h Less
Direct Drive – Forward 3 15.2 mph 24.5 km/h Less
Direct Drive – Reverse 1 Lock-up disables Lock-up disables Less
Direct Drive – Reverse 2 9.6 mph 15.5 km/h Less
Direct Drive – Reverse 3 16.8 mph 27.0 km/h Less
Note Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires. Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires. Less

Hydraulic System – Lift/Tilt

Lift/Tilt System – Circuit Positive Flow Control Positive Flow Control Less
Lift/Tilt System – Pumps Variable Displacement Piston Variable Displacement Piston Less
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 541.0 gal/min 2047.0 L/min Less
Relief Valve Setting – Lift/Tilt 4587.0 psi 32500.0 kPa Less
Cylinders, Double Acting: Lift, Bore and Stroke 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in) 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in) Less
Cylinders, Double Acting: Tilt, Bore and Stroke 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in) 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in) Less
Pilot System Open Loop and Pressure Reducing Open Loop and Pressure Reducing Less

Hydraulic Cycle Time

Rack Back 4.9 seconds 4.9 seconds Less
Raise 12.6 seconds 12.6 seconds Less
Dump 3.1 seconds 3.1 seconds Less
Lower Float Down 4.2 seconds 4.2 seconds Less
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time (empty bucket) 23.5 seconds 23.5 seconds Less

Complete System Fill

Fuel Tank (standard) 910.0 gal 3445.0 L Less
Fuel Tank (with 24 hr attachment) 1500.0 gal 5678.0 L Less
Cooling System 137.5 gal 520.0 L Less
Engine Crankcase 76.0 gal 288.0 L Less
Transmission 110.0 gal 416.0 L Less
Differentials and Final Drives – Front 220.0 gal 833.0 L Less
Differentials and Final Drives – Rear 200.0 gal 757.0 L Less
Hydraulic Tank (implement and hydraulic fan) 270.0 gal 1022.0 L Less
Hydraulic Tank (steering and braking) 100.0 gal 379.0 L Less
Oil Renewal System (ORS) 20.0 gal 75.7 L Less

Buckets

Bucket Capacities 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less

Axles

Front Fixed Fixed Less
Rear Trunnion Trunnion Less
Oscillation Angle Less

Brakes

Brakes ISO 3450:2011 ISO 3450:2011 Less

Sound Performance – Standard

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396) 72.0 dB(A) 72.0 dB(A) Less
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395) 119.0 dB(A) 119.0 dB(A) Less

Sound Performance – Suppression

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396) 71.0 dB(A) 71.0 dB(A) Less
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395) 117.0 dB(A) 117.0 dB(A) Less

Hydraulic System – Steering

Steering System – Circuit Pilot, Load Sensing Pilot, Load Sensing Less
Steering System – Pump Piston, Variable Displacement Piston, Variable Displacement Less
Maximum Flow @ 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 259.0 gal/min 980.0 L/min Less
Relief Valve Setting – Steering 4496.0 psi 31000.0 kPa Less
Total Steering Angle 70° 70° Less
Steering Cycle Time (low idle) 7.6 seconds 7.6 seconds Less
Steering Cycle Time (high idle) 4.3 seconds 4.3 seconds Less

Dimensions – Standard Lift (Approximate)

Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4 ft 7118.5 mm Less
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2 ft 7067.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6 ft 5682.0 mm Less
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4 ft 1355.0 mm Less
Rear Axle Center Line to Bumper 20.4 ft 6205.0 mm Less
Front Axle Center Line to Bucket Tip 21.3 ft 6503.0 mm Less
Wheel Base 22.3 ft 6800.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Length 58.6 ft 17860.0 mm Less
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9 ft 898.0 mm Less
Ground to Center of Axles 6.0 ft 1820.0 mm Less
Clearance at Maximum Lift 20.2 ft 6167.0 mm Less
Rack Back Angle at Ground Level 39.7 degrees 39.7 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle at Carry 47.7 degrees 47.7 degrees Less
B-Pin Height at Maximum Lift 28.8 ft 8790.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Height, Bucket Raised 38.6 ft 11771.0 mm Less
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.5 degrees 59.5 degrees Less
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees –50.0 degrees Less
Reach at Maximum Lift 9.3 ft 2821.0 mm Less

Dimensions – High Lift (Approximate)

Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4 ft 7118.5 mm Less
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2 ft 7067.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6 ft 5682.0 mm Less
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4 ft 1355.0 mm Less
Rear Axle Center Line to Bumper 20.4 ft 6205.0 mm Less
Front Axle Center Line to Bucket Tip 23.3 ft 7097.0 mm Less
Wheel Base 22.3 ft 6800.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Length 60.5 ft 18454.0 mm Less
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9 ft 898.0 mm Less
Ground to Center of Axles 6.0 ft 1820.0 mm Less
Clearance at Maximum Lift 23.3 ft 7095.0 mm Less
Rack Back Angle at Ground Level 45.0 degrees 45.0 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle at Carry 53.7 degrees 53.7 degrees Less
B-Pin Height at Maximum Lift 31.7 ft 9647.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Height, Bucket Raised 41.2 ft 12545.0 mm Less
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.4 degrees 59.4 degrees Less
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees –50.0 degrees Less
Reach at Maximum Lift 8.8 ft 2688.0 mm Less

Cooling System

Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan – Standard 109.4 ° F 43.0 ° C Less
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan – High 127.4 ° F 53.0 ° C Less

Structures

Built for the toughest conditions.


Power Train

Move material more efficiently with improved power and control.


Hydraulics

Productivity enabling you to move more and make more.


Operator Station

Best-in-Class operator comfort and ergonomics.


Technology Solutions

Greater productivity through integrated electronic systems.


Cat MineStar System

Work more productively.


Safety

Making your safety our priority.


Serviceability

Enabling high uptime by reducing your service time.


Customer Support

Your Cat dealers know how to keep your mining machines productive.


Sustainability

Stewards of the environment.


Buckets and Ground Engaging Tools

It’s all about performance.


System Match Efficiency

Efficient loading/hauling system starts with a perfect match.


994K Standard Equipment

ELECTRICAL
  • Back-up alarm
  • Alternator (225 amp)
  • Dry batteries
  • 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V converter
  • Disconnect switch in bumper
  • LED warning lights (pattern selectable)
  • LED lighting system (working lights, access and service platform lights, turn signals/hazard lights)
  • Emergency jump start receptacle
  • Starter and transmission lockout in bumper
  • Combined VIMS download and Cat Electronic Technician service port in bumper
  • 24V starting and charging system
  • Electric starters

OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • Air conditioner
  • Cab pressure indicator
  • Cab is sound suppressed and pressurized with separate external rollover protective structure (ROPS/FOPS) radio ready for entertainment, includes antenna, speakers and converter (12-volt 5-amp) and power port
  • Cat Vision (rear vision camera system)
  • Coat hook
  • Lift and tilt function controls
  • Graphical touchscreen information display, conveys real time operating information and payload measurement
  • Heater, defroster, auto temperature controls
  • Electric (field and shop) horns
  • Gauge instrumentation: – Coolant temperature – Hydraulic oil temperature – Fuel level – Power train oil temperature – Engine speed (tachometer) – Transmission gear – Ground speed – Engine hour meter
  • Warning indicator instrumentation: – Three category action alert system – Brake malfunction – Bucket float status – Delayed engine shutdown status – Engine idle shutdown status – Engine malfunction – Fuel economy mode enable status – Hydraulic lockout – Lockup clutch enable status – Low fuel level – Parking brake status – Quick shift enable status – Rimpull control enable status – Seat belt warning – Secondary steering – Throttle lock status – Transmission gear – Turn signal
  • Keypad control with indicator lights: – Fuel economy mode – Implement kickouts – Lockup clutch – Manual lube – Quickshift enable – Rimpull control system – Side rearview mirror heater – Throttle lock – Turn signals (Dash backlight control) – Hazard lights
  • Dome light in cab
  • Lunchbox and beverage holders
  • Rearview mirrors (externally mounted)
  • Retractable seat belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
  • Cat Comfort (cloth), air suspension, six-way adjustable seat
  • Trainer seat with lap belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
  • STIC system
  • Sun screen, pull down (front and rear)
  • Tinted glass
  • VIMS with Information Display: external data port, Cycle Timer, integrated Cat Production Measurement
  • Intermittent wet arm wipers/washers (front and rear)
  • Service center: – Keypad, messenger, ET, VIMS, stairway lamp

POWER TRAIN
  • Oil cooled, multi-disc, service/secondary brakes
  • Case drain filters
  • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
  • Engine, 3516E High Displacement (HD) Mechanical Electronic Unit Injector (MEUI™-A) Air-to-Air After Cooling (ATAAC) diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
  • Engine prelube
  • Fuel priming pump (electric)
  • Ground level engine shutoff
  • Engine air intake (above hood) precleaner
  • Radiator, Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
  • Automatic, ether starting aid
  • Electronic throttle lock
  • Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) with Lock-Up Clutch (LUC) and rimpull control system
  • Planetary powershift, 3F/3R electronic control transmission
  • Hydraulic lash adjustment engine

OTHER
  • Automatic bucket lift/tilt kickout/positioner
  • Automatic lubrication system
  • Cat O-ring face seal couplings
  • Lockable service access doors
  • Ecology drains
  • Economy Mode
  • High speed engine oil change system
  • Front frame access with steps
  • Front walkway
  • Ground level fast fill fuel system
  • Transmission guard
  • Drawbar hitch with pin
  • Cat XT™ hoses
  • Implement, steering and brake filtration/screening system
  • Left side service center
  • Mufflers (2)
  • Oil sampling valves
  • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)
  • Pump bay access ladders with T-handle and platform
  • Rear access to cab and service platform
  • Load sensing steering
  • Supplemental steering system
  • Tie-offs on ROPS and radiator guards
  • Toe kicks
  • Vandalism protection caplocks
  • Cooling cleanout service package
  • Venturi stacks

994K Optional Equipment

POWER TRAIN
  • Engine oil renewal system

ELECTRICAL
  • Service lights

OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio with bluetooth and satellite ready

MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
  • Cat Terrain ready

SPARE RIMS
  • 1118 mm (44") spare rim
  • 1194 mm (47") spare rim

MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS
  • Wheel chocks