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Power Train

Hydraulics

Operator Station

Structures

Efficiency

Technology Solutions

Serviceability

Customer Support

Safety

Sustainability

System Match Efficiency

Bucket Ground Engaging Tools

Operating Costs

990K Standard Equipment

OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • Air conditioner and heater with automatic temperature control
  • Cab, sound-suppressed pressurized, protective structure (ROPS/FOPS), radio ready for (entertainment) includes antenna, speakers and converter (12V, 10-15 amp)
  • 12V power port for mobile phone or laptop connection
  • Camera, rear vision
  • Cigar lighter and ashtray
  • Coat hook
  • Cab precleaner
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
  • Electro-hydraulic tilt and lift controls (seat mounted)
  • Satellite Sirius radio with Bluetooth
  • Flip-up armrest
  • Heater and defroster
  • LED warning strobe
  • Horn, electric
  • CB radio ready
  • Implement hydraulic lockout
  • Window sun shade
  • Instrumentation, gauges:
    – Engine coolant temperature
    – Fuel level
    – Ground speed
    – Gear
    – Hydraulic oil temperature
    – Speedometer/tachometer
    – Torque converter temperature
  • Instrumentation, warning indicators:
    – Action alert system, three category
    – Automatic transmission model enable status
    – Brake malfunction
    – Bucket float status
    – Delayed engine shutdown status
    – Engine idle shutdown status
    – Engine malfunction
    – Fuel economy mode enable status
    – Hydraulic lockout
    – Lockup clutch enable status
    – Low fuel level
    – Parking brake status
    – Rimpull control enable status
    – Seatbelt warning
    – Secondary steering (if equipped)
    – Throttle lock status
    – Transmission gear
  • Keypad, control with indicator lights:
    – Auto trans mode speed range
    – Auto/manual transmission mode
    – Fuel economy mode
    – Implement kickout
    – Lockup clutch
    – Reduced rimpull
    – Throttle lock
  • Light, dome (cab)
  • Lunchbox and beverage holders
  • Mirrors, rearview (externally mounted)
  • Seat, Cat comfort (cloth) air suspension
  • Seat belt, retractable, 76 mm (3 in) wide
  • STIC control system with steering lock
  • Tinted glass
  • Trainer seat with lap belt
  • Vital Information Management System (VIMS) 3G with graphical information display: external data port, customizable operator profiles, cycle timer, and integral Cat Production Measurement
    – Wet-arm wipers/washers (front, rear and corner) intermittent front wiper

POWER TRAIN
  • –50° C (–58° F) antifreeze
  • Engine oil change system, high speed, Wiggins
  • Engine block heater 120V or 240V
  • High ambient cooling – software
  • Brakes, full hydraulic, enclosed, oil-disc
  • Axle-shaft oil-disc service brake
  • Electro hydraulic parking brake
  • Case drain filters
  • Cat clean emission module (Tier 4 only)
  • Demand fan
  • Engine Cat C27 ACERT
  • Fuel priming pump (electric)
  • Ground level engine shutoff, bumper
  • Mufflers (under hood) (Tier 2 equivalent only)
  • Precleaner, engine air intake
  • Radiator, Aluminum Modular (AMR)
  • Separated cooling system
  • Starting aid, (ether) manual override
  • Throttle Lock
  • Torque Converter, Impeller Clutch with lock-up clutch feature and rimpull control system
  • Transmission, 534 mm (21 in) planetary power shift (electronic) (3F/3R)

ELECTRICAL
  • Alarm, back-up
  • Alternator, 150 amp
  • Batteries, maintenance free (2 – 1,400 CCA)
  • Converter, 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V
  • Deutsch component connectors
  • Electrical system, 24V
  • Electronic transmission control
  • Lighting system, halogen (front and rear) lighting, access stairway, engine compartment
  • Starter, electric
  • Starter lockout in bumper
  • Starting receptacle for emergency start
  • Transmission lockout in bumper

OTHER
  • Automatic bucket tilt/lift kickouts electronically adjustable from cab
  • Axle temperature sensor
  • Battery disconnect and jump start receptacle, bumper
  • Coupling, Caterpillar O-ring face seals
  • Economy mode with on demand throttle
  • Emergency platform egress
  • Engine, crankcase, 500 hour interval with CH4
  • Engine idle management features:
    – Auto idle kickdown
    – Delayed engine shutdown
    – Engine idle shutdown
  • Fenders, steel (front)
  • Guards, crankcase and power train
  • Grouped/labeled lube points
  • Hitch, drawbar with pin
  • Hoses, Cat XT™
  • Oil sampling valves
  • Positive flow control hydraulic system
  • Product Link
  • Sight Gauges: hydraulic tanks, steering/fan and implement/brake, and transmission
  • Stairway, left and right rear access
  • Steering, load sensing
  • Toe kicks
  • Vandalism protection caplocks
  • Venturi stack
  • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)

990K Optional Equipment

MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS
  • Front and rear roading fenders
  • Fast fill fuel system (Shaw-Aero)
  • Axle oscillation stop
  • Heavy duty cab mounts

Overview

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton. The Cat 990 Wheel Loader has been a proven performer in mines, quarries and industrial applications around the world. The 990K brings all new levels of performance, safety, operator comfort and efficiency.

Engine

Units:
Net Power 699.0 HP 521.0 kW Less
Engine Model Cat® C27 ACERT™ Cat® C27 ACERT™ Less
Bore 5.4 in 137.2 mm Less
Stroke 6.0 in 152.4 mm Less
Displacement 1649.5 in³ 27.03 l Less
Torque Rise 18.0 % 18.0 % Less
Rated Speed 1,800 rpm 1,800 rpm Less
Rated Speed - Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient 699.0 HP 521.0 kW Less
Rated Speed - Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient 648.0 HP 483.0 kW Less
Rated Speed - Gross - SAE J1995 766.0 HP 571.0 kW Less
Net Power - SAE J1349 699.0 HP 521.0 kW Less
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final OR Tier 2 Equivalent U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final OR Tier 2 Equivalent Less
Rated Speed - Gross - ISO 14396 752.0 HP 561.0 kW Less
Gross - ISO 14396 752.0 HP 561.0 kW Less
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm 2624.0 lb/ft 3557.0 N·m Less

Operating Specifications

Operating Weight 178517.0 lb 80974.0 kg Less
Bucket Capacity Range 8.6 m³-10.0 m³ (11.25 yd³-13.0 yd³) 8.6 m³-10.0 m³ (11.25 yd³-13.0 yd³) Less
Rated Payload - Standard (Face Material) 17.5 ton (US) 15.9 t Less
Rated Payload - Standard (Loose Material) 22.0 ton (US) 20.0 t Less
Rated Payload - High Lift (Loose Material) 22.0 ton (US) 20.0 t Less
Cat Truck Match - High Lift 775-777 775-777 Less
Rated Payload - High Lift 17.5 ton (US) 15.9 t Less
Rated Payload - Standard 17.5 ton (US) 15.9 t Less
Rated Payload - High Lift (Face Material) 17.5 ton (US) 15.9 t Less
Cat Truck Match - Standard 773-775 773-775 Less

Buckets

Bucket Capacities 7.4-14.9 m³ (9.7-19.5 yd³) 7.4-14.9 m³ (9.7-19.5 yd³) Less

Transmission

Transmission Type Cat planetary power shift Cat planetary power shift Less
Forward - 1 4.5 mile/h 7.3 km/h Less
Forward - 2 8.3 mile/h 13.3 km/h Less
Forward - 3 14.2 mile/h 22.9 km/h Less
Reverse - 1 4.9 mile/h 7.9 km/h Less
Reverse - 2 9.1 mile/h 14.7 km/h Less
Reverse - 3 15.5 mile/h 24.9 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Forward 1 Lock-up disabled Lock-up disabled Less
Direct Drive - Forward 2 8.5 mile/h 13.7 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Forward 3 15.2 mile/h 24.5 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 1 5.4 mile/h 8.7 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 2 9.6 mile/h 15.4 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 3 16.4 mile/h 26.4 km/h Less
Note Travel speeds based on Michelin 45/65R39 LD D2**L5 tires. Travel speeds based on Michelin 45/65R39 LD D2**L5 tires. Less

Axles

Front Fixed Fixed Less
Rear Trunnion Trunnion Less
Oscillation Angle 8.5° 8.5° Less

Hydraulic Cycle Times

Raise 8.2 s 8.2 s Less
Dump 2.9 s 2.9 s Less
Lower Float Down 3.6 s 3.6 s Less
Lower 3.7 s 3.7 s Less
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket 13.8 s 13.8 s Less
Rack Back 4.3 s 4.3 s Less

Service Refill Capacities

Fuel Tank 294.3 gal (US) 1114.0 l Less
Cooling System 54.9 gal (US) 208.0 l Less
Transmission 29.1 gal (US) 110.0 l Less
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan 68.9 gal (US) 261.0 l Less
Differential - Final Drives - Rear 68.9 gal (US) 261.0 l Less
Differential - Final Drives - Front 71.6 gal (US) 271.0 l Less
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking 34.9 gal (US) 132.0 l Less
Engine Crankcase 20.0 gal (US) 75.7 l Less
Hydraulic System Factory Fill 210.0 gal (US) 795.0 l Less
Note All nonroad U.S. EPA Tier 4 diesel engines are required to use only Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuels containing 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or less. Biodiesel blends up to B20 (20% blend by volume) are acceptable when blended with 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or less ULSD. B20 should meet ASTM D7467 specification (biodiesel blend stock should meet Cat biodiesel spec, ASTM D6751 or EN 14214. Cat DEO‑ULS™ or oils that meet the Cat ECF-3, API CJ‑4, and ACEA E9 specification are required. For further fluid specifications and guidelines, visit: http://parts.cat.com/cda/files/3244668/7/SEBU6250-19.pdf. All nonroad U.S. EPA Tier 4 diesel engines are required to use only Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) fuels containing 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or less. Biodiesel blends up to B20 (20% blend by volume) are acceptable when blended with 15 ppm (mg/kg) sulfur or less ULSD. B20 should meet ASTM D7467 specification (biodiesel blend stock should meet Cat biodiesel spec, ASTM D6751 or EN 14214. Cat DEO‑ULS™ or oils that meet the Cat ECF-3, API CJ‑4, and ACEA E9 specification are required. For further fluid specifications and guidelines, visit: http://parts.cat.com/cda/files/3244668/7/SEBU6250-19.pdf. Less

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Pilot System Open loop and pressure reducing Open loop and pressure reducing Less
Maximum Flow at 1,800 rpm (1) 216.0 gal/min 817.0 l/min Less
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke 235 mm × 1287 mm (9.3 in × 50.7 in) 235 mm × 1287 mm (9.3 in × 50.7 in) Less
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt 4786.0 psi 33000.0 kPa Less
Maximum Flow at 1,800 rpm (2) 22.2 gal/min 84.0 l/min Less
Relief Valve Setting 507.0 psi 3500.0 kPa Less
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit Positive flow control Positive flow control Less
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke 292.1 mm × 820 mm (11.5 in × 32.3 in) 292.1 mm × 820 mm (11.5 in × 32.3 in) Less
Lift/Tilt System Variable displacement piston Variable displacement piston Less

Sound Performance - Suppression

Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) 69.0 dB(A) 69.0 dB(A) Less
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 113.0 dB(A) 113.0 dB(A) Less

Sound Performance - Standard

Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 115.0 dB(A) 115.0 dB(A) Less
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) 69.0 dB(A) 69.0 dB(A) Less

Hydraulic System - Steering

Total Steering Angle 70° 70° Less
Steering System - Pump Piston, variable displacement Piston, variable displacement Less
Steering System - Circuit Pilot, load sensing Pilot, load sensing Less
Steering ISO 5010:2007 ISO 5010:2007 Less
Relief Valve Setting - Steering 4641.0 psi 32000.0 kPa Less
Maximum Flow at 1,400 rpm 94.5 gal/min 358.0 l/min Less

Operator's Cab

ROPS/FOPS ROPS/FOPS meet ISO 3471:2008 and ISO 3449:2005 Level II standards ROPS/FOPS meet ISO 3471:2008 and ISO 3449:2005 Level II standards Less

Brakes

Brakes ISO 3450:2011 ISO 3450:2011 Less