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994KStandard Equipment

ELECTRICAL
  • Back-up alarm
  • Alternator (225 amp)
  • Dry batteries
  • 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V converter
  • Disconnect switch in bumper
  • LED warning lights (pattern selectable)
  • LED lighting system (working lights, access and service platform lights, turn signals/hazard lights)
  • Emergency jump start receptacle
  • Starter and transmission lockout in bumper
  • Combined VIMS download and Cat Electronic Technician service port in bumper
  • 24V starting and charging system
  • Electric starters

OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • Air conditioner
  • Cab pressure indicator
  • Cab is sound suppressed and pressurized with separate external rollover protective structure (ROPS/FOPS) radio ready for entertainment, includes antenna, speakers and converter (12-volt 5-amp) and power port
  • Cat Vision (rear vision camera system)
  • Coat hook
  • Lift and tilt function controls
  • Graphical touchscreen information display, conveys real time operating information and payload measurement
  • Heater, defroster, auto temperature controls
  • Electric (field and shop) horns
  • Gauge instrumentation
    – DEF Level, if equipped
    – Coolant temperature
    – Hydraulic oil temperature
    – Fuel level
    – Power train oil temperature
    – Engine speed (tachometer)
    – Transmission gear
    – Ground speed
    – Engine hour meter
  • Warning/indicator instrumentation
    – Low DEF Level, if equipped
    – Three category action alert system
    – Brake malfunction
    – Bucket float status
    – Delayed engine shutdown status
    – Engine idle shutdown status
    – Engine malfunction
    – Fue
  • Keypad control with indicator lights
    – Fuel economy mode
    – Implement kickouts
    – Lockup clutch
    – Manual lube
    – Quickshift enable
    – Rimpull control system
    – Side rearview mirror heater
    – Throttle lock
    – Turn signals
    • Dash ba
    • Dome light in cab
    • Lunchbox and beverage holders
    • Rearview mirrors (externally mounted)
    • Retractable seat belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Cat Comfort (cloth), air suspension, six-way adjustable seat
    • Trainer seat with lap belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • STIC system
    • Sun screen, pull down (front and rear)
    • Tinted glass
    • VIMS with Information Display: external data port, Cycle Timer, integrated Cat Production Measurement
    • Intermittent wet arm wipers/washers (front and rear)
    • Service center
      – Keypad, messenger, ET, VIMS, stairway lamp

    POWER TRAIN
    • Oil cooled, multi-disc, service/secondary brakes
    • Case drain filters
    • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
    • Engine, 3516E High Displacement (HD) Mechanical Electronic Unit Injector (MEUI™-A) Air-to-Air After Cooling (ATAAC) diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
    • Engine prelube
    • Fuel priming pump (electric)
    • Ground level engine shutoff
    • Engine air intake (above hood) precleaner
    • Radiator, Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
    • Automatic, ether starting aid
    • Electronic throttle lock
    • Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) with Lock-Up Clutch (LUC) and rimpull control system
    • Planetary powershift, 3F/3R electronic control transmission

    OTHER
    • Automatic bucket lift/tilt kickout/positioner
    • Automatic lubrication system
    • Cat O-ring face seal couplings
    • Lockable service access doors
    • Ecology drains
    • Economy Mode
    • High speed engine oil change system
    • Front frame access with steps
    • Front walkway around cab
    • Ground level fast fill fuel system
    • Transmission guard
    • Drawbar hitch with pin
    • Cat XT™ hoses
    • Implement, steering and brake filtration/screening system
    • Left side service center
    • Oil sampling valves
    • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)
    • Pump bay access ladders with T-handle and platform
    • Rear access to cab and service platform
    • Load sensing steering
    • Supplemental steering system
    • Tie-offs on ROPS and radiator guards
    • Toe kicks
    • Vandalism protection caplocks
    • Cooling cleanout service package
    • Venturi stacks

994KOptional Equipment

POWER TRAIN
  • Oil Renewal System (ORS) (Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.)

ELECTRICAL
  • Service lights

OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
  • AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio with Bluetooth® and satellite ready

MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
  • Cat Terrain ready

SPARE RIMS
  • 1118 mm (44") spare rim
  • 1194 mm (47") spare rim

MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS
  • Wheel chocks

Buckets and Ground Engaging Tools

Technology Solutions

System Match Efficiency

Sustainability

Structures

Serviceability

Safety

Power Train

Operator Station

Hydraulics

Customer Support

Cat MineStar System

Overview

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series' legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It's important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

Engine

Units:
Net Power 1739.0 HP 1297.0 kW Less
Engine Model Cat® 3516E Cat® 3516E Less
Bore 6.7 in 170.0 mm Less
Stroke 8.5 in 215.0 mm Less
Displacement 4766.0 in³ 78.1 l Less
Rated Speed 1,600 rpm 1,600 rpm Less
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent Less
Gross Power - ISO 14396 1847.0 HP 1377.0 kW Less
Gross Power - SAE J1995 1870.0 HP 1394.0 kW Less
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient 1739.0 HP 1297.0 kW Less
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J1995 8549.0 lb/ft 11591.0 N·m Less
Torque Rise 39% 39% Less
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient 1696.0 HP 1265.0 kW Less
Note (1) The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard. The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard. Less
Note (2) The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler. The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler. Less
Note (3) The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed. The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed. Less
Note (4) *Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect. *Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect. Less

Operating Specifications

Operating Weight 534852.0 lb 242605.0 kg Less
Bucket Capacity Range 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less
Rated Payload - High Lift 42.0 t 38.1 t Less
Rated Payload - Standard 45.0 t 40.8 t Less
Bucket Capacity Range - Coal 32.1-43.6 m3 (42-57 yd3) 32.1-43.6 m3 (42-57 yd3) Less
Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore 22.3 yd³ 17.2 m³ Less
Bucket Capacity Range - Rock 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less

Transmission

Transmission Type Cat Planetary Power Shift Cat Planetary Power Shift Less
Forward - 1 4.6 mile/h 7.4 km/h Less
Forward - 2 8.0 mile/h 12.9 km/h Less
Forward - 3 13.6 mile/h 21.9 km/h Less
Reverse - 1 5.0 mile/h 8.1 km/h Less
Reverse - 2 8.8 mile/h 14.1 km/h Less
Reverse - 3 14.9 mile/h 24.0 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Forward 1 Lock-up disables Lock-up disables Less
Direct Drive - Forward 2 8.7 mile/h 14.0 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Forward 3 15.2 mile/h 24.5 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 1 Lock-up disables Lock-up disables Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 2 9.6 mile/h 15.5 km/h Less
Direct Drive - Reverse 3 16.8 mile/h 27.0 km/h Less
Note Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires. Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires. Less

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in) 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in) Less
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in) 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in) Less
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit Positive Flow Control Positive Flow Control Less
Lift/Tilt System - Pump Variable Displacement Piston Variable Displacement Piston Less
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 541.0 gal/min 2047.0 l/min Less
Pilot System Open Loop and Pressure Reducing Open Loop and Pressure Reducing Less
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt 4587.0 psi 32500.0 kPa Less

Hydraulic Cycle Times

Raise 12.6 s 12.6 s Less
Dump 3.1 s 3.1 s Less
Lower Float Down 4.2 s 4.2 s Less
Rack Back 4.9 s 4.9 s Less
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket 23.5 s 23.5 s Less

Complete System Fill

Cooling System 138.0 gal (US) 520.0 l Less
Differential - Final Drives - Front 220.0 gal (US) 833.0 l Less
Differential - Final Drives - Rear 200.0 gal (US) 757.0 l Less
Engine Crankcase 76.0 gal (US) 288.0 l Less
Fuel Tank - Standard 910.0 gal (US) 3445.0 l Less
Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment 1500.0 gal (US) 5678.0 l Less
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan 270.0 gal (US) 1022.0 l Less
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking 100.0 gal (US) 379.0 l Less
Transmission 110.0 gal (US) 416.0 l Less
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV) 137.0 gal (US) 519.0 l Less
Note *Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions. *Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions. Less
Oil Renewal System (ORS)* 20.0 gal (US) 75.7 l Less

Buckets

Bucket Capacities 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) 19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3) Less

Axles

Front Fixed Fixed Less
Rear Trunnion Trunnion Less
Oscillation Angle Less

Brakes

Brakes ISO 3450:2011 ISO 3450:2011 Less

Sound Performance - Standard

Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 119.0 dB(A) 119.0 dB(A) Less
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 72.0 dB(A) 72.0 dB(A) Less
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 72.0 dB(A) 72.0 dB(A) Less
Note *EU Stage V ready. *EU Stage V ready. Less
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in Less

Hydraulic System - Steering

Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 259.0 gal/min 980.0 l/min Less
Relief Valve Setting - Steering 4496.0 psi 31000.0 kPa Less
Steering System - Circuit Pilot, Load Sensing Pilot, Load Sensing Less
Steering System - Pump Piston, Variable Displacement Piston, Variable Displacement Less
Total Steering Angle 80 degrees 80 degrees Less
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle 4.3 s 4.3 s Less
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle 7.6 s 7.6 s Less

Cooling System

Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent) 131.0 °F 55.0 °C Less
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final) 127.4 °F 53.0 °C Less
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard 109.4 °F 43.0 °C Less

Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate

B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 31.7 ft 9647.0 mm Less
Clearance at Maximum Lift 23.3 ft 7095.0 mm Less
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees –50.0 degrees Less
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 23.3 ft 7097.0 mm Less
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4 ft 1355.0 mm Less
Ground to Center of Axles 6.0 ft 1820.0 mm Less
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9 ft 898.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2 ft 7067.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6 ft 5682.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4 ft 7118.5 mm Less
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 41.2 ft 12545.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Length 66.0 ft 20102.0 mm Less
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57. Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57. Less
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.4 degrees 59.4 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle - Carry 53.7 degrees 53.7 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 45.0 degrees 45.0 degrees Less
Reach - Maximum Lift 8.8 ft 2688.0 mm Less
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 20.4 ft 6205.0 mm Less
Tread Width 14.1 ft 4300.0 mm Less
Wheel Base 22.3 ft 6800.0 mm Less
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 18.8 ft 5760.0 mm Less

Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate

B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 28.8 ft 8790.0 mm Less
Clearance at Maximum Lift 20.2 ft 6167.0 mm Less
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees –50.0 degrees Less
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 21.3 ft 6503.0 mm Less
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4 ft 1355.0 mm Less
Ground to Center of Axles 6.0 ft 1820.0 mm Less
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9 ft 898.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2 ft 7067.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6 ft 5682.0 mm Less
Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4 ft 7118.5 mm Less
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 38.6 ft 11771.0 mm Less
Maximum Overall Length 64.0 ft 19508.0 mm Less
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57. Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57. Less
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.5 degrees 59.5 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle - Carry 47.7 degrees 47.7 degrees Less
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 39.7 degrees 39.7 degrees Less
Reach - Maximum Lift 9.3 ft 2821.0 mm Less
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 20.4 ft 6205.0 mm Less
Tread Width 14.1 ft 4300.0 mm Less
Wheel Base 22.3 ft 6800.0 mm Less
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 18.8 ft 5758.0 mm Less

Sound Performance - Suppression

Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 117.0 dB(A) 117.0 dB(A) Less
Note *EU Stage V ready. *EU Stage V ready. Less
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 71.0 dB(A) 71.0 dB(A) Less
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 71.0 dB(A) 71.0 dB(A) Less
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in Less