Electric Power White Papers

Related Industries: Agriculture, Commercial Business, Construction, Data Centers, Greenhouses, Healthcare, Landfills, Manufacturing, Mining, Municipality, Power Plants, Telecom, Utilities
 


GENERATOR SOUND LEVELS

Noise levels of can be an influential factor in purchasing a generator set. The manufacturer records sound pressure levels at fixed distances around the generator set and averages them to calculate the levels. It is critical to calculate the logarithmic mean of the measurements, not the arithmetical mean, to avoid having the generator set appear quieter on paper than in practice.

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GENERATOR SOUND LEVELS

Related Industries: Agriculture, Commercial Business, Construction, Data Centers, Greenhouses, Healthcare, Landfills, Manufacturing, Mining, Municipality, Power Plants, Telecom, Utilities
 


Cooling Considerations for Enclosed Generator Sets

Placing a generator set in an enclosure has a direct impact on the generator set's ambient capabilities.  It is important to recognize the effect of the enclosure and understand the actual ambient capability of the enclosed generator set.

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Related Industries: Data Centers
 


NATURAL GAS FOR FUELING DATA CENTERS

Gas power generation provides a resilient, environmentally and economically sound solution for data center facilities. The cost of natural gas is at a low point and the supply is abundant. Caterpillar offers a number of ways to transition from diesel to gas power.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare
 


CONTROL STRATEGY ADAPTS SYSTEM TO REMAIN STABLE

Failsafe Adaptive Load Sharing/Droop Operation is programmed into the EMCP 4.4 system to intelligently switch units to a control scheme that enables uninterrupted, stable operation for as long as it takes for full communication to be restored.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills
 


THE CRITICAL NATURE OF STATIONARY BATTERY MAINTENANCE

Batteries can fail or underperform for many reasons. With proper maintenance and testing, many of these failure modes can be reduced or eliminated, enabling customers to have total confidence in the ability of batteries to support critical equipment when needed. By performing these tests on a regularly scheduled basis, unplanned failures can be eliminated and the life cycle of the battery can be extended to its fullest potential, maximizing the performance of the entire battery system and keeping costs down.

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Related Industries: Agriculture, Commercial Business, Construction, Greenhouses, Healthcare, Landfills, Manufacturing, Mining, Municipality, Power Plants, Renewable Energy, Telecom, Utilities


Hybrid Microgrids: The time is now.

Microgrid that combine renewable energy with diesel or gas generator sets and energy storage capabilities can deliver clean, cost-effective electricity to remote locations with limited or no access to reliable utility power.

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Related Industries: Utilities
 


CAT® ENERGY STORAGE: SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The world’s leading energy storage solutions for telecom, peak shaving, load shifting and microgrids.

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Related Industries: Utilities
 


CAT® ENERGY STORAGE: ZINC-AIR TECHNOLOGY

A detailed look at the inner workings of metal-air technology.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Putting Together a High-Efficiency, Reliable and Bankable Biogas-to-Power Plant

Heat recovery from gas-fueled engine-generators can help make distributed resources more cost-effective and sustainable.

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Related Industries: Agriculture, Commercial Business, Construction, Data Centers, Greenhouses, Healthcare, Landfills, Manufacturing, Mining, Municipality, Power Plants, Telecom, Utilities
 


AUXILIARY COIL EXCITATION (PMG-I)

Cat® generator sets assembled at the Caterpillar facility in Piracicaba, Brazil, known as Power Systems Brazil (PSB), use alternators that feature an auxiliary coil (or auxiliary winding) and permanent magnets in the exciter stator. This provides the benefits of an alternator fitted with a Permanent Magnet Generator (PMG), within the same physical envelope of a self-excited alternator. This includes the capability of sustaining a 300 percent, short-circuit current and not needing to flash the alternator following extended periods of inactivity.

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Related Industries: Data Centers
 


Uptime Tier III and IV Data Center

This paper will provides detail regarding the application of Cat® generator sets into data center installations that will be certified as either a Tier III or Tier IV data center, as defined by the Uptime Institute’s Tier Standard: Topology paper.

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Application of Cat® Generator Sets in Tier III and  Tier IV Data Centers

Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


THE IMPACT OF GENERATOR SET UNDERLOADING

While power systems vary in operation, application and load profile depending on the purpose and complexity, all power systems are designed with common goals: providing reliable power and maximizing system efficiency. To achieve these design goals, it is important to understand system operation, load profile and schemes, and required maintenance. This paper will focus on the operation of generator sets in low-load scenarios and what can result if they are used outside of these parameters.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Natural Gas Engine Service

White paper provides information on: Monitoring trends for balanced maintenance schedules, resulting in more engine uptime Oil selection and engine oil analyses to determine oil change frequency Trending to determining spark plugs, valves, and cooling system maintenance and replacement schedules Engine overhaul types and benefits

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Related Industries: Nuclear, Utilities


A NEW ERA FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

The evolution of longer-life nuclear power plants has a significant impact on the design of emergency diesel generator (EDG) used for station blackout (SBO) support. Existing plants could be looking for 70 to 90 years of life from their power supply. For an EDG/SBO to operate for 70 to 90 years and still remain reliable, many variables must be considered. Read how Caterpillar plans to meet the challenge.

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Related Industries: Utilities


SEISMIC QUALIFICATION FOR EMERGENCY POWER

Emergency equipment installed in a nuclear facility must be operational during and after a seismic event. This paper covers the qualification process including representative static structural analysis, shake table testing, and the investigation of structural data taken from mobile applications using the Cat® C175-20 engine.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


EPA T4 & EP Industry

Trade show format white paper on: North American emissions regulations, proposed changes from the EPA, the California ARB new source performance standards, and a delay in adoption of tier 4 emission standards in Canada.

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Related Industries: Mining


SUSTAINABLE APPLICATION OF RECIPROCATING GAS ENGINES OPERATING ON ALTERNATIVE FUELS

With the implementation of new policies to drive a cleaner environment, the mitigation of emissions through generator sets is likely to offer opportunities to benefit from alternative fuel investments. Creating power from sustainable resources such as CMM, landfill gas and biogas is mature and proven technology that is also environmentally responsible.

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Related Industries: Agriculture, Landfills, Mining


SUSTAINABLE APPLICATION OF RECIPROCATING GAS ENGINES OPERATING ON COAL MINE METHANE GAS

Sequestering coal mine methane (CMM) as an alternative fuel for reciprocating gas engine generator sets is a mature and proven technology for greenhouse gas mitigation. Prior to commissioning CMM-fueled power systems, the methane gas composition must be evaluated. The project is then developed by utilizing an integrated systems approach.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Municipality, Agriculture, Landfills


Sustainability

White paper provides: An overview of how ganerator sets have been used historically in sustainable energy applications. Case examples on the types of fuels and applications available for the production of sustainable electricity

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Demystifying Generator Set Ratings

This paper will clarify some of this confusion surrounding ratings, share standard classifications and discuss important considerations to help you make educated decisions when designing and specifying equipment.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Do DC Generators Offer Fuel Economy Advantage Over AC Generators

The purpose of this paper is to explain perceived differences in fuel consumption between AC and DC generator sets used in telecommunication (telecom) applications. A review of the overall energy conversion process, from energy in the fuel to electricity consumed by the load, is presented to account for losses in both AC and DC generator systems, and to explain potential differences in fuel economy between the two systems.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Holistic View on Generator Set Ratings

Many generator set manufacturers mirror their equipment power rating classifications (standby, prime, and continuous) after the ISO 8528-1 standard. The ratings are defined in terms of maximum power available, load factors, hours of usage per year, peak demand, and typical applications. These broad definitions are intended to cover a wide range of industrial and commercial uses. Because of this variability, some manufacturers, e.g. Caterpillar, have chosen to adopt the standard definitions in their most conservative form to minimize the risk of equipment misapplication.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Operation of Flywheel UPS

Trade show format white paper on: the operation of flywheel-based UPS systems as well as a battery-free line of UPS systems.

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Related Industries: Data Centers


Updating Data Centers

A Fortune 500 company with an aging data center was experiencing challenges to the reliability of power in its facility. There was an obvious need for reliable emergency power...

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Municipality, Agriculture, Landfills


Biogas Finance Global

White paper provides information on: Biogas-fueled power systems seeking financing solutions must consideration feedstock, fuel supply, technology, operations, permitting, construction risks in their assessment

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


CHP: Finance Global

White paper provides information on: Cogeneration project considerations including fuel supply, technology, operations, permitting, construction and credit Heat recovery and byproduct applications Input costs and revenue of combined heat and power and combined cooling heat and power projects.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Engine Technology

White paper provides information on: Using control technologies for improved engine reliability, fuel efficiency, emissions performance, and owning and operating costs Advancements in electronic control and ignition systems Service trending using wear, oil and filter analysis, and diagnostic tools

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


CHP

White paper provides information on: Applications of cogeneration by use of natural-gas-fueled engine-generators Features and benefits Project economics

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Reciprocating Engines vs. Turbines

White paper provides information on: Choosing the best power solution for CHP projects Comparison of efficiency, reliability, emissions performance and operating costs of gas reciprocating engines and gas turbines Assessing the economics of primary power sources for distributed energy projects

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Understanding Generator Set Ratings

Smart rating choices combined with the latest in onsite power generation systems can help match equipment to a specific application for optimal long-term performance and reliability

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Utilities


Utilities

White paper provides information on: Applications of distribution generation by use of natural-gas-fueled engine-generators Features and benefits Market viability

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Municipality, Agriculture, Landfills 


Biogas Comes of Age

White paper provides information on: How biogas can be a source of revenue as well as carbon footprint reduction and sustainable operations. Details on how to evaluate potential to produce and use biogas.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Generator Set Start Module

A reliable standby power system is dependent on the ability of the generator set to quickly start in the instance of a sustained power outage. As almost all generator sets depend on batteries for cranking and control power, battery health is the one of the most vital areas of concern for ensuring a generator set will start when called upon. Batteries fail for many reasons, including defects, environmental issues, and lack of maintenance. Unfortunately, the time you discover a dead starting battery is when you need it the most. The Generator Set Start Module is capable of eliminating the effect of this potential failure and thereby increases the reliability of a standby power system.

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Related Industries: Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Update on NA Emissions

White paper on: North American emissions regulations, proposed changes from the EPA, the California ARB new source performance standards, and a delay in adoption of tier 4 emission standards in Canada.

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Related Industries: Data Centers, Healthcare, Manufacturing, Construction, Telecom, Municipality, Commercial Business, Mining, Utilities, Power Plants, Agriculture, Greenhouses, Landfills


Multifaceted view of DG system

The aim of this paper is to raise awareness on the diversity of issues associated with DG applications. To that end, several DG installations are reviewed here within.

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Industries & Applications

power systems solution

You have to push every day. To meet your deadline – on time and on budget. We are dedicated to developing a power systems solution that meets your needs, regardless of the application.

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Electric Power products

electric power product

Any size or shape. In any regulatory environment. When you need power, Caterpillar is equal to the challenge. Our generators are used in a variety of applications.

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PRECISION SIZING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS.

SpecSizer

Caterpillar Electric Power is excited to introduce you to our latest generator set sizing software, Cat® Electric Power SpecSizer.

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