Electric or Gas: Weighing Your Gas Compression Options

Eletric or Gas: Weighing Your Gas Compression Options

Electric or Gas: Weighing Your Gas Compression Options



If you’re considering electric motors to drive your gas gathering and processing equipment, you’re in good company. The industry has seen a steady increase in electric power over the past decade, largely due to the challenges of emissions permitting and a lack of qualified engine technicians. Electric motors bring a number of advantages to gas compression operations — but so do traditional gas engines. Which is right for you? Take a look at the top five advantages of each option before you make your decision.


Top 5 Reasons to Choose Electric Motors

  1. Permitting is easy. Because they run on electricity, electric motors produce zero emissions on site. That’s a big advantage if you work in a highly regulated region. Bonus: They’re also quieter than gas engines, which is great for workers on location and any nearby residential areas.
  2. Maintenance is practically nonexistent. You need to change the oil once a year and occasionally replace a sensor — that’s it. There’s virtually no downtime required for electric motor maintenance, and no need to search for technicians who know how to service them.
  3. The purchase price is lower. An electric motor costs significantly less than a gas engine up front. That said, the price of electricity typically runs higher than that of natural gas. If you don’t already have high-power electric lines running to your location, make sure you add the expense of purchasing right-of-way and installing power lines, poles and other infrastructure. And if you want variable speed control, know that installing a variable frequency drive (VFD) also costs extra.
  4. Less complexity means simpler installation and packaging. Since electric motors are smaller, lighter and not as complicated as gas engines, they’re easier to install — no radiator pipes to hook up, for example. In addition, a smaller overall footprint makes transporting electric motors from packager to site simpler and less expensive.
  5. Compressor options include centrifugal and reciprocating. Electric motors come in different speed ranges so you can match them to your compressor to get the performance you need.


Top 5 Reasons to Choose Gas Engines

  1. The power is already there. You can run a gas engine anywhere, because it burns the natural gas you’re compressing to generate power. You don’t need to pay — and in many cases, wait — to bring electricity and its associated infrastructure on site.
  2. Power supply is constant. A gas engine runs on site available fuel, which means there are no worries about a snowstorm, lightning strike or other issue with the electricity supply shutting down your equipment and interrupting the flow of gas.
  3. Controlling gas flow is simple. Say two of your four wells are undergoing maintenance, and you want to slow engine speed to cut the flow of gas in half. With a gas engine, that’s easy — variable speed control is built right in. It’s possible with an electric motor, but requires that you pay extra to add a VFD.
  4. Operating costs are less. Your capital costs are higher with a gas engine than an electric motor, but over time, it should cost you less to operate. That’s because natural gas is cheaper than electricity, and gas engines require less in the way of infrastructure than electric motors.
  5. They’re proven and familiar. There’s a lot to be said for sticking with what works — and gas engines have gotten the job done reliably and productively for decades. (Cat® gas compression engines have logged more than 2 billion operating hours around the world.) People in the industry know how to spec them, run them and work on them in the field, so there’s no learning curve.


Whichever Option You Choose, We’ve Got You Covered

The electric-or-gas decision comes down to a number of factors — emissions, costs, maintenance and availability of electricity all play a role. Here’s the good news: Once you’ve selected the best option for your operation, you can count on Caterpillar to deliver exactly what you need. We offer a full line-up of both electric motors and gas engines built specifically for gas compression applications, all backed by the dealer service and support you trust. Talk to your local Cat dealer for more details and expert advice on selecting the right power source for your needs.




Electric Motors for Gas Compression

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Our electric motors deliver the quality and productivity you expect from Cat® engines — while producing less noise and fewer emissions.

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For gas lift, gas gathering, wellhead gas compression, pipeline compression, storage, gathering and re-injection, Cat® engines are the prime choice for reliable gas compression.

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Cat® Oil & Gas Ratings Guide

Get the detailed specifications of Cat®Oil & Gas solutions needed for your projects right at your fingertips.

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Need help determining which product meets your needs? Your Cat® dealer can help you find the right model and ensure that your equipment is operating correctly to help you get the job done.

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